Article by Rebecca Ruiz

In the article “How Childhood Trauma Could Be Mistaken for ADHD,” Dr. Nicole Brown discusses how her residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital opened her eyes to how many traumatized patients were being mistakenly diagnosed instead with ADHD. Understanding that some of these children came from neighborhoods of violence and stress, Dr. Brown began to look more closely at the ADHD diagnosis. What she discovered were similar symptoms to ADHD, commonly caused by trauma and family dysfunction, but which did not respond to stimulant medications and typical ADHD treatment.


Read the full article published by The Atlantic here:



Ruiz, Rebecca. “How Childhood Trauma Could Be Mistaken for ADHD” The Atlantic, 2014,

Since 2012, Angela has been assessing clients and successfully guiding trauma treatment in her private practice using the NeuroSequential Model of Therapeutics (NMT) developed by Dr. Bruce Perry of the Child Trauma Academy. In addition, Angela has been invited to consult on multiple regional cases involving highly challenging special needs children.

Angela Earley, MSSA, LISW-S